The art of beading holds a rich and ancient cultural legacy within Canada’s Indigenous communities. Predating the arrival of Europeans, First Nations people intricately utilized beads in elaborate designs and for trading purposes. 

Indigenous artisans crafted an array of items adorned with beads, such as breastplates, jewelry, pouches, dolls, and garments. Intricate patterns were meticulously created with tiny beads to embellish moccasins and clothing. While certain beaded articles were sought after for trade at trading posts, others held sacred significance and were reserved for ceremonial use.